The formation of new and reconstruction of old cities

An example of a model, often used in the past as a means of directing the formation of new ones and the reconstruction of old cities, is the system of planning axes, characteristic of baroque. This is a mature, developed concept of urban planning form, establishing a clear order of organization of complex vast spaces in the following sequence: choose a system of points dominated in the landscape, and approve significant symbolic structures at these points; Then connect these focuses of space with the main streets, wide enough to carry the main traffic flows, and form them so that they serve as ceremonial approaches to the main landmarks or nodes. The framing of these streets should be subordinated to strict control in order to create unity using street equipment and landscaping, as well as the height and nature of the facades, as well as regulated forms of using space. As soon as this is achieved, the space clamped between the main highways can be built with much less control over the solution of buildings and a fine -mobile street network.

This model has many advantages; This is a simple, integral program that can be easily and quickly applied to organize a wide variety of landscapes. As you know, Lanfan, taking advantage of this model, when it was already fully developed, was able to inspect, design, carry out breakdown on the ground, clear it, collect building material, carry out the sale of plots and begin the development of the future city of Washington – all together in nine months and everything With two assistants! The model accurately told him what to look and how to make decisions. If the city that arose as a result is not as clear and picturesque as the author hoped, then this happened partly due to its error in combining the model and an inorganic rectangular planning lattice for it, and partly due to the fault of the city authorities who did not follow (and could not follow ) prescribed by the model a tough scheme of centralized supervision.